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section header ETF fundamentals

subsection header Strategies

Tactical adjustments

Tactical investing involves deliberately overweighting or underweighting certain market segments or industry sectors based on your assessment of market or economic cycles.

Market-capitalization-weighted ETFs offer an efficient way to target the desired tilt.

For example, if you believe that after a protracted period of outperformance by value stocks the pendulum is likely to swing the other way, you might invest in a growth-oriented ETF.


Source: Vanguard. This hypothetical investment or portfolio strategy is shown for illustrative purposes only and shall not be construed as a recommendation to buy or sell any security or financial instrument, or an offer or recommendation to participate in any particular trading or investment strategy.


Points to consider

  • You could end up doing worse than if you'd made no changes at all.
  • Whether buying or selling, you would have to be right about the direction of the market/economic cycle, the sectors that might profit from it and the timing of the investments.
  • Concentration in any security, industry sector, market segment, region or asset class can lead to greater risk relative to a diversified portfolio.


Learn the basics of ETFs, including their history, how they compare to mutual funds, what types are available and more.


Learn about the different types of exchange-traded products, how index and active ETFs are managed and more.


Learn about ETF trading, common order types, premiums and discounts, liquidity considerations and more.

Commissions, management fees, and expenses all may be associated with investment funds. Investment objectives, risks, fees, expenses, and other important information are contained in the prospectus; please read it before investing. Investment funds are not guaranteed, their values change frequently, and past performance may not be repeated. Vanguard funds are managed by Vanguard Investments Canada Inc. and are available across Canada through registered dealers.

This material is for informational purposes only. This material is not intended to be relied upon as research, investment, or tax advice and is not an implied or express recommendation, offer or solicitation to buy or sell any security or to adopt any particular investment or portfolio strategy. Any views and opinions expressed do not take into account the particular investment objectives, needs, restrictions and circumstances of a specific investor and, thus, should not be used as the basis of any specific investment recommendation. Investors should consult a financial and/or tax advisor for financial and/or tax information applicable to their specific situation.

All investment funds, including those that seek to track an index are subject to risk, including the possible loss of principal. Diversification does not ensure a profit or protect against a loss in a declining market. While the Vanguard ETFs are designed to be as diversified as the original indices they seek to track and can provide greater diversification than an individual investor may achieve independently, any given ETF may not be a diversified investment.

All monetary figures are expressed in Canadian dollars unless otherwise noted.